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At MindBodyPinnacle Health Laurel, MD & Washington D.C, we offer a comprehensive understanding and care approach for Bipolar and related disorders. Join us as we delve into the heart of the bipolar spectrum, revealing its many layers, and embark on a journey towards holistic wellness.

Bipolar and Related Disorders
at MindBodyPinnacle Mental Health in Laurel, MD & Washington D.C

Understanding of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar I

Involves at least one manic episode, potentially preceded or followed by hypomanic or major depressive episodes.

Bipolar II

Characterized by patterns of depressive episodes and hypomania, excluding full-blown manic episodes.

Cyclothymic Disorder (or Cyclothymia)

A milder form, with periods of hypomania and depression, less intense than Bipolar I and II but persistent.

Bipolar disorder, once known as manic depression, is a mental health condition marked by dramatic mood swings. These include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression), impacting sleep, energy, activity, judgment, and clear thinking.
There are several types:

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder symptoms vary, but common indicators include:

Manic & Hypomanic Episodes:

  • Decreased need for sleep, yet feeling extremely energized.

  • Elevated self-esteem, sometimes reaching grandiosity.

  • Rapid speech or racing thoughts, leading to erratic conversations.

  • Increased distractibility, impacting task completion.

  • Engagement in risky behaviors and overactivity.

Depressive Episodes:

  • Persistent sadness or despair significantly affecting daily functioning.

  • Suicidal thoughts or actions.

  • Marked fatigue and lethargy.

  • Sleep and appetite disturbances.

  • Difficulty concentrating and feelings of worthlessness.​

Symptoms in children and Teens

Symptoms of bipolar disorder can be difficult to identify in children and teens. It's often hard to tell whether these are normal ups and downs, the results of stress or trauma, or signs of a mental health problem other than bipolar disorder.

Children and teens may have distinct major depressive or manic or hypomanic episodes, but the pattern can vary from that of adults with bipolar disorder. And moods can rapidly shift during episodes. Some children may have periods without mood symptoms between episodes.

The most prominent signs of bipolar disorder in children and teenagers may include severe mood swings that are different from their usual mood swings.

Other features may include anxious distress, melancholy, psychosis, and symptoms may vary in children and teens.

Causes of Bipolar Disorder and Risk Factors

Bipolar disorder's origins include:

  • Genetic Predisposition: A notable family history of mood disorders.

  • Neurological Factors: Potential irregularities in brain structure or neurotransmitter imbalances.

  • Environmental Triggers: Traumatic events, prolonged stress, or substance abuse.

  • Hormonal Imbalances: Disruptions possibly linked to thyroid or adrenal gland issues.

  • Medications and Drugs: Certain substances can trigger or worsen symptoms.

Note: Recognizing that bipolar disorder arises from a blend of intrinsic and extrinsic factors underscores the importance of holistic approaches in both understanding and managing the condition.

​Causes of Bipolar Disorder and Risk Factors

​​Treatment of Bipolar Disorder and Management
at MindBodyPinnacle Mental Health in Laurel, MD & Washington D.C


​Medication plays a pivotal role in stabilizing moods and preventing the extreme highs and lows associated with bipolar disorder. Commonly prescribed medications include:


  • Mood Stabilizers: These are the primary medications for bipolar disorder and include drugs. They help control or reduce the highs and lows.

  • Antipsychotics: If mood stabilizers don’t work as a stand-alone, doctors might prescribe an antipsychotic.

  • Antidepressants: These can help manage depressive episodes. Sometimes they're combined with mood stabilizers to prevent triggering a manic episode.

  • Antidepressant-antipsychotics: A combined medication can help treat the symptoms of both depression and mania.

  • Anti-anxiety Medications: can help with anxiety and improve sleep, but they are used on a short-term basis due to the potential for dependence.


Psychotherapy, also called "talk therapy," can be an effective treatment for bipolar disorder when combined with medication. Common approaches include:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): Helps individuals recognize and change negative thought patterns and behaviors that exacerbate the condition.

  • Family-Focused Therapy: Incorporates family members to improve communication and offer support.

  • Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy: Helps individuals stabilize their daily routines and improve their relationships.

  • Psychoeducation: Teaches patients about their condition, helping them recognize signs of mood swings.

Lifestyle Adaptations

A balanced lifestyle can mitigate the severity of episodes and sometimes even prevent them. Recommendations include:

  • Regular Sleep: Maintaining a consistent sleep schedule is crucial.

  • Avoid Drugs and Alcohol: Substance abuse can trigger mood episodes and interfere with the effectiveness of medication.

  • Stress Management: Techniques like meditation, deep breathing exercises, and journaling can help manage stress.

  • Regular Physical Activity: Exercise can help stabilize mood and improve overall well-being.

Monitoring Moods

​Keeping track of mood changes, triggers, and medication effects can be incredibly beneficial:

  • Mood Charting: A daily chart or diary to record mood, medication doses, sleep patterns, and significant events can provide valuable insights.

  • Early Intervention: Recognizing early signs of mood swings allows for timely intervention, potentially preventing a full-blown episode.

At MindBodyPinnacle Health, we provide holistic treatments for bipolar disorder:

​Living with Bipolar Disorder

Living with Bipolar Disorder

Understanding and managing bipolar disorder is a lifelong journey:

  • Awareness: Recognize the difference between one's true self and the mood swings.

  • Communication: Open up to loved ones about experiences and feelings.

  • Routine: Establish a daily routine to maintain stability.

  • Crisis Planning: Have a plan for when symptoms intensify.

At MindBodyPinnacle Mental Health in Laurel, MD & Washington D.C, we're dedicated to supporting and guiding you through the complexities of Bipolar and Related Disorders. Contact us today for personalized, compassionate care designed to meet your unique needs.

Discover a Balanced Life with  MindBodyPinnacle psychiatric Clinic in MD & D.C

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